From reading this comparison alone it would be next to impossible for a non-catholic to see that, and rightly so. ✞Most Protestants believe the Eucharist to be a communion in memory of Christ’s sacrificed body and blood, which symbolizes the confession of faith in Jesus Christ and is a repeated ritual in a believer’s life. Catholics follow the teachings of Jesus Christ as transmitted through the Old & New Testament via Rome and the Vatican and follow the Catechism. Protestantism generally refers to the faiths and churches born directly or indirectly of the Protestant Reformation in which many Roman Catholics split from the larger body and formed their own communions. Instead: The “Catholic” approach has extremely high moral standards (e.g. Catholicism and Protestantism have distinct views on the meaning and the authority of the Bible. Home / Uncategorized / Catholic Bible Vs. Protestant Bible . On October 31, 1517, the publication of his Ninety-Five Theses, which outlined various abusive practices of the church, is considered the founding event that led to this division in Germany and the creation of the Evangelical Church. Prerogative of the Church, which follows the Holy Spirit and the Word of God as best it can. Any religion confirming this is a true religion; any religion denying it is a false religion. Catholics see in the pope the successor of the Apostle Peter, the first head of their Church, who was appointed by Jesus. For Protestants, the ritual only serves to commemorate Jesus' death and resurrection. Email. Angels are unseen creations of God, created from light. The goal in recent years has been to reach better understanding and find common ground between the two churches. Dead models of faith, recognized as "saint" by the church through canonization, can be prayed to for help in maintaining faith in God. Martin Luther was a German theologian who challenged a number of teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. In a new Table Podcast series, Dr. Darrell Bock, Dr. Scott Horrell, and Dr. Michael Svigel discuss important distinctives of both traditions. Holy Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts (the Old Testament and the New Testament). For instance, most Lutheran churches have altars, and their clergy wear vestments similar to those worn by Catholic priests. The Pope, followed by Cardinals, Archbishops, Bishops, and Priests, Monks and Deacons. Variable but treated with respect. It was explained to me that Catholics do that because Paul had said that he was like the father of the Church. In Germany, the country of the Reformation, a deep animosity divided Catholic and Protestant Christians up until a few decades ago. Since that time, the term has been used in many different senses, but not as the official title of any church until it was assumed in 1783 by the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, a branch of the Anglican Communion. For Protestants, salvation and therefore truth are worked out by the individual via her reading of the Bible. Various forms of grace and free will. Christ is present in spirit, but the bread and wine are merely symbolic of his death, and of the believer's commitment to him. PROTESTANT: A Protestant is any person who has received Trinitarian baptism and still believes in the Trinity (making him/her technically a “baptized Catholic” or “Christian”), but who simultaneously rejects some or most of the teachings of the Catholic Church. Position of The Pope denied, and eventually split off of The Catholic church to attempt to re-establish the original church. Protestants believe that salvation to eternal life is God's will for all people. 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