We will buy and sell things, and we will become rich.â If you say things like that, listen to me. Grieve, therefore, with a âgodly sorrow not to be repented ofâ (2 Corinthians 7:10)âthe remorseful anguish of a Peter, and not a Judas. âI,â said He by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 14:4), âwill answer him that cometh to Me, according to his idols.â What greater curse could fall than an eternity of avarice to the miser, of pollution to the sensual, of murder to the violent? We learn the converse to the evil of vainglory in life, namely, the good which may be wrought by every one. James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. There cannot be a passive condition to the faith of Christ: âhe that is not with Me is against Meâ (Matthew 12:30). You do not have because you do not ask God." 3:34. Ye lust, and because ye have not what ye lust after ( james 4:1 james 4:2), ye envy your neighbor who has, and so the spirit of envy leads you on to "fight." 4. The word for âboastingsâ is the same as that translated âthe pride of lifeâ in 1 John 2:16âi.e., its braggart boastfulness, not the innocent gladness of living. You do not have, because you do not ask. Part of the reason for this is that James is like Proverbs in that many of its verses really stand alone in their content. 11 My Christian friends, do not say bad things against each other. So you kill and are jealous of others. (1-3) Reasons for strife in the Christian community. Warning Against Worldliness. So God will give to us all that we need. . Alas! If we say bad things about God's word or about his people, we are being like the Devil. âGod is the Lord and husband of every soul that is His;â and in her revolt from Him, and love for sin, her acts are those of an adulterous woman. easyenglish.bibleBooks > EasyEnglish Bible >. (1) From whence come wars . Click the link below for in depth comments on this verse. (See Analysis of Contents.) E. Verse 5 is very ambiguous because. Sinful desires and affections stop prayer, and the working of our desires toward God. That is because you ask for the wrong reason. 8 Come near to God and he will come near to you. . They are being like the Devil. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. âJudge not, that ye be not judgedâ (Matthew 7:1). James 4:6 Commentary; James 4:7 Submit therefore to God. English Standard Version Update. "Commentary on James 4:4". So, you must not judge your friends. He has âno pleasure in the death of him that diethâ (Ezekiel 18:32). 4:9 Some people fight and argue. People use this word to introduce someone to a king. âThe Devil,â says the strange old book called The Shepherd of Hermas, âcan tight, but he cannot conquer; if, therefore, thou dost withstand him, he will flee from thee, beaten and ashamed.â. Suppose ye that the Scripture speaketh in vain? We receive God’s *grace. This commentary deals with the Bible text literally as a love song. .âBetter thus: One is the Law-giver and Judge, Who is able to save and to destroy: but thouâwho art thou that judgest a neighbour? 17 So, you know the right thing that you ought to do. So, these Christians no longer had the day-to-day contact with theirleaders. The humble character of a living faith. Hearken to the echo of his Masterâs words. .âDo not âback-bite,â as the same word is translated in Romans 1:30, and 2 Corinthians 12:20. Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. Surely the substance was sufficient for him, as for other inspired writers, without a slavish adherence to the form: comp. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? And the sooner the soldier of Christ learns to expect its animosity, the better will he give himself up to the battle. . âGod,â says Thomas Ã Kempis, âprotects the humble and delivers him; He loves and consoles him; He inclines Himself towards the humble man, He bestows on him exceeding grace, and after his humiliation He lifts him up to glory; He reveals his secrets to the humble, and sweetly draws and leads him to Himself.â, (11) Speak not evil . Commentary on James 4:1-10 (Read James 4:1-10) Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. Genesis 2:7 for the inbreathing of the Spirit, with any such chapter as Deuteronomy 32 for His jealous inquisition. Happily the Christian philosopher understands this; and with the very cry of wretchedness, âWho shall deliver me?â can answer, âI thank God, through Jesus Christ our Lordâ (Romans 7:24-25). . You cannot love sin and love God at the same time. If we only want to make ourselves happy, God will not hear us. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. We must be sorry about the wrong things that we have done. What does James 4:3 mean? 1905. 4 What causes quarrels and what causes fights among you? Isaiah 4:1 is joined to Isaiah 3 in most versions of the Bible, because it is further prophecy of the ruin of the chosen people. But he — God, giveth more grace — To all those who, while they shun those tempers, sincerely and earnestly pray for it. And to break God's commands, is to speak evil of them, and to judge them, as if they laid too great a restraint upon us. 1. v, 4), even the promised comfort of God. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4:1-10 Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. But he has made us into his friends (Ephesians 2:13-19). .âTranslate, come they not hence, even from your lusts warring in your members? (12) There is one lawgiver . Matthew 10:28.) (6) But he giveth more graceâi.e., because of this very presence of the Holy Ghost within us. . To what extent is your life directed by the knowledge that Christ is coming back? âMortals think all men mortal but themselves;â yet who does not boast himself of tomorrow (Proverbs 27:1), in spite of a thousand proverbs; and reckon on the wondrous chance of, âThat untravelled world, whose margin fades, (15) For that ye ought to say . This commentary also deals with the Bible text literally as a love song but it is in simpler English. He will flee.âOr, he shall flee. The marginal note to the second of the above paragraphs gives envy as an alternative reading for âkillâ: but this is an error. As a result, we will be able to do the things that … You choose to be friends with people who are against God. It is related to the improper use of the tongue as in chapter 3. . He, as the author and conveyer of all good gifts, in their mystic seven-fold order (Isaiah 11:2) adds to the wasted treasure, and so aids the weakest in his strife with sin, resisting the proud, lest he be led to destruction (Proverbs 16:18), and helping the humble, lest he be âwearied and faint in his mindâ (Hebrews 12:3). Your life is like a cloud which appears for a short time and then it quickly goes away. 5 With good reason, the Bible says to us: âGod has caused his Spirit to live in us. Only he has the authority to judge whether people have done what is right. as accusing those who have broken their marriage vow to God. .âPunctuate thus: He that speaketh evil of his brother, judgeth his brother; speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law. # 4:9 Some people fight and argue. . . James 4:2, ESV: "You desire and do not have, so you murder. ?âMore correctly thus. But the apostolic condemnation is in no way meant to condone a vicious life, and leave it unalarmed and self-contented; for boldness in rebuke thereof we have the example of John the Baptist. It should be, ye adulteresses! In this way the cumulative force of St. Jamesâs remarks is best preserved. Sinful desires and affections stop prayer, and the working of our desires toward God. You do not have, because you do not ask. Tweet . . In those days, servants were not free. ), Able to save and to destroy.âLife and death, salvation and utter destruction, seem to be placed in intentional contrast here. Study the bible online using commentary on James 4 and more! We will stay there for a year. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". James 4:4, ESV: "You adulterous people!Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? (17) Therefore . suggested apparently by those already given. 1. The lust of the eye and the pride of life are at the root of all the wrong-doing. Resist the devil [stand firm against him], and he will flee from you. We must be sorry about the wrong things that we have done. (8) Draw nigh to God . Give Yourselves to God. James 4:3. Lust, envy, strife, and murder:âlike the tale of human passion in all ages, the dreadful end draws on. Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. (2, 3) Ye lust, and have not . You don’t get what you want because you don’t ask God. And defensible or not as this translation may be, at least it escapes some of the difficulties of the foregoing. Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. 20:5. 2 You want to have something for yourself, but you do not get what you want. . . He wrote to encourage them to live asChristians should, i… We used to be God’s enemies (James 4:4). We have the law of God, which is a rule to all; let us not presume to set up our own notions and opinions as a rule to those about us, and let us be careful that we be not condemned … Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Do not be happy but be very upset. . (5) Do ye think . . for âlusteth to envy,â or enviously, would imply evil and not good. Sinful desires and affections stop prayer, and the working of our desires toward God. But if you know that and you do not do the right thing, then you have done a wrong thing. Thus many understand these expressions, because God himself represented his relation to the Jews as his people under the idea of a marriage, and because the prophets, in conformity to that idea, represented the idolatry of the Jews as adultery. As a king is the fountain of honour, so the ultimate source of law is God; and all judgment really is delegated by Him, just as ordinary courts represent the royal majesty: to usurp such functions is to provoke the offended sovereignâwhether of earth or heaven. . . You even kill other people. But you still cannot get what you want. Is it objected (James 4:3) that prayer is made but not answered? PrÅjudicium was a merciful provision under Roman law, and often spared the innocent a lengthier after trial; but prejudiceâour word taken from itâis its most unhappy opposite. James 4. (Comp. 1:1 James is the brother of Jesus, but he describes himself as a servant of Jesus Christ. James 4:10, ESV: "Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will exalt you." The forces of good and evil divide the land so sharply that there is no debatable ground, nor even halting-place between. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/james-4.html. The Jerome Biblical Commentary outlines these verses as (1) root causes of conflict (James 4:1-6) and (2) remedies (James 4:7-10) (p. 374). I am a servant of God and the Lord Jesus Christ. (10) Humble yourselves . James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions You are giving yourself authority to decide what the Law says. The perfect peace above, capable, moreover, in some ways, of commencement here below, dwelt upon at the close of James 3, has by inevitable reaction led the Apostle to speak suddenly, almost fiercely, of the existing state of things. And in proof of real conversion there must be the outward lamentation, as well as the inward contrition. .âA difficulty presents itself in this verseâwhether the application be general, or a particular comment on the words preceding. James 4:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 4:4, NIV: "You adulterous people, don't you know that friendship with the world means enmity against God?Therefore, anyone who chooses to be a friend of the world becomes an enemy of God." James 4:4. Paul uses the … âIt is not our part,â said Bengel, âto judge, since we cannot carry out our sentence.â (Comp. The reply is obvious; Ye ask not in the true sense; when ye do ask ye receive not, because God is too loving, even in His anger. James 4. We must do good things. But the burden of this hateful depravity drove of old men like Lucretius to suicide rather than endurance; and its mantle of despair is on all the religions of India at the present timeâmatter itself being held to be evil, and eternal. You fight and war. But âto take the law into oneâs own handsâ is to break it, and administer inequitably. Font Size. 15 So, what you ought to say is, âIf the Lord agrees and we are still alive, then we will do this or that.â 16 But instead, you talk about what you have decided to do. Only he can decide to save people or to destroy them. Isaiah: God controls the Nations - by Norman Hillyer. You do not have that authority. 1 This letter is from me, James. The term is really pleasures, but in an evil sense, and therefore âlusts.â âThe desires of various sorts of pleasures are,â says Bishop Moberly, âlike soldiers in the devilâs army, posted and picketed all over us, in the hope of winning our members, and so ourselves, back to his allegiance, which we have renounced in our baptism.â St. Peter (1 Peter 2:11) thus writes in the same strain of âfleshly lusts, which war against the soulâ; and St. Paul knew also of this bitter strife in man, if not actually in himself, and could âsee another lawâ in his membersâthe natural tendency of the fleshââwarring against the law of his mind, and bringing him into captivity to the law of sin which is in his membersâ (Romans 7:23). 10 Think about yourselves as small in front of the Lord God. As James poses (in 4:4) the third question of this section, I paraphrase it in order to display the heart of the matter... View the entire commentary. See also Note on 2 Corinthians 12:7. Warning Against Worldliness. Jesus prepares the way for us to approach God the King. James 4 – The Humble Dependence of a True Faith A. … James 4. Come they not . (Exhaustive notes, with references to most authorities, are in Alford; or an easy summary of the matter may be read in Plumptreâs St. When you do that, you are not obeying the Law. James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by Charles Ellicott has been an oft consulted resource by many a preacher! In fact, it is a thing of the past, not of time, but completed action on the part of GodââIf the Lord have willed it, we shall both live and do this or that.â Such is far, be it noted, from Fatalism, in even its best form, as under the teaching of Islam. You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. James 4 is included in this fourth subdivision. âFor thus saith the high and lofty Oneâ (Isaiah 57:15), âI dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite.â (Comp. So you argue and fight. English Standard Version (ESV) Bible Book List. Many commentators have been puzzled to say whence the words came which are quoted as authoritative by St. James. . 4 What causes quarrels and what causes fights among you? Know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God?âi.e., the state of being an enemy to God, not one of simpler enmity with Him. If you speak against another believer, you are really speaking against God's Law. Stop doing wrong things. . J ames is a book that many of us know random verses from, yet we tend to not really know the book that well. Occasions of well-doing lie in the abject at our doors, and the pleadings of pity in our very hearts. Learn how to understand almost everything you hear right now in 4 easy steps! It is wrong to speak like that. James 4:10, NASB: "Humble yourselves in the presence of the Lord, and He will exalt you." But the *apostles and leaders of the church did notgo. 1 Do you know where your fights and arguments come from? Don't You Know the Choice to Be Made? It is because of the troubles in your thoughts. In âThe Beautiful Legendâ there is a strife between the call of duty to give out a dole of bread to the hungry, and the temptation to linger in religious ecstasy over a vision of Christ. You speak as if you have the power to make it happen. version of Proverbs 3:34, which reads in our Bibles, âSurely He scorneth the scorners, but He giveth grace unto the lowly.â It is again brought forward by St. Peter (1 Peter 5:5), and seems to have been a common sayingââa maxim of the wise that had become, as it were, a law of life.â. All that he reproves is the setting up of our own tribunals, in which we are at once prosecutor, witness, law, lawgiver, and judge; not to say executioner as well. James 4:5 “The Spirit … himself” Other possible translations: “God strongly desires the spirit that he made to live in us.” Or “The spirit that he made to live in us is full of envious desires.” See Ex. This is a valid way to outline this section. 2. © MissionAssist 2020 Email. Be clean in the way that you live. 13 Some of you say, âToday or tomorrow we will go to a certain city. So, you yourselves become enemies of God. James says ‘Hello’. 4 You are turning away from God, like a wife who has sex with other men. You try to take things that are not yours. The text is another proof of the personality of Satan; no amount of figures of speech could otherwise interpret it. (9) Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep.âFor wretchedness, sorrow, and tears are the three steps of the homeward way to peace and God. 2 2 You desire and do not have, so you murder. Doth the Spirit, which took up His abode in you, lust to envy? Christians are brethren. James 4:6-10. It must, however, be noted that a slightly varied punctuation of the verse will give quite another sense to its questioning. English Standard Version (ESV) Bible Book List. The sovereignty of God is acknowledged, but with it is plainly recognised the existence of manâs free will, dependent, however, on the permission of the Most High for its fleeting duration and power. Make your minds clean. Whence are wars, and whence fightings among you? ... Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Patience Until the Lord's Coming. You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. Renunciation of the world, in the Christian promise, is not forsaking it when tired and clogged with its delights, but the earliest severance from it; to break this vow, or not to have made it, is to belong to the foes of God, and not merely to be out of covenant with Him. And if God be just, so also is He jealous (Exodus 20:5). . 12 God is the one who gave his Law to people. In English Version the sense is, "the (natural) spirit that hath its dwelling in us lusts with (literally, 'to,' or 'towards') envy." (4) Ye adulterers and adulteresses.âThe phrase may seem to flow naturally after the former ones, but the Received text, from which our version was made, is wrong. 1 Peter 5:6.) Again in the New Testament: Matthew 12:39; Matthew 16:4; Mark 8:38; Revelation 2:20-22; Revelation 17:1; Revelation 17:5; Revelation 17:15, &c.; St. Paulâs description of the church (2 Corinthians 11:2), espoused âas a chaste virgin to Christ;â and comp. The original is represented a little more closely, thus: Today and tomorrow we will go into this city, and spend a year there, and trade and get gain. Many a man of quiet Christian life will thank God by-and-by, when he knows even as he is known (1 Corinthians 13:12), that not a few of his prayers were unanswered, or at least that they were not granted in the way which he had desired. Nevertheless, remember, He gave the Israelites âtheir desire, and sent leanness withal into their soulâ (Psalms 106:15). You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. 2. You covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. Admit you do pray for the good things you want, or, though you pray for them. A large number of the Christians had left *Jerusalem and had goneto live in other countries. 4:11-17 Our lips must be governed by the law of kindness, as well as truth and justice. So, you fight and you quarrel with each other. 14 You do not really know what will happen tomorrow. The good reason why not is given in the graceful interjection âbrothers.â Omit the conjunction in the next phrase, and read as follows:â. Stop laughing and instead be sad. Bibliography InformationEllicott, Charles John. You just want to use these things to make yourselves happy. .âHow different is the case with you, cries St. James; you actually glory and delight in your own self-confidence and presumption, and every such rejoicing is evil. Safety is only to be found in our Lordâs own manner of petition, âNot my will, but Thine be doneâ (Luke 22:42). View the entire commentary. The Scriptural referent is uncertain. Our Authorised version does not allow of this apparent reference to the Spirit of God indwelling His human temples (1 Corinthians 3:16; 1 Corinthians 6:19, et seq.) Is it not this, that your passions are at war within you? . As a result, we will be able to do the things … . James 4:8 so clean sin out of … Then he will lift you up to a good place. . Do you know why that happens? He that speaketh evil . Song of Songs: The Beautiful Woman behind the Veil - by Sarah Ruth. Ye adulterers and adulteresses — Who have broken your faith with God, your rightful spouse. . Warning Against Worldliness. You do not have, because you do not ask. It were well that the unfaithful, addressed in James 4:4, should bear the general sentiment of this verse in mind, and not fancy such warnings of holy writ were uttered emptily, in vain. We must listen to God. . It is interesting to notice the sharp crisp sentences, recollecting at the same time that St. James himself fell a victim to the passions he thus assails, probably at the hands of a zealot mob. Be strong against the Devil and he will run away from you. You should know that! âYe kill and play the zealotâ would be still nearer the original: for, as with Jedburgh justice in the old Border wars, hanging preceded the trial, so with these factions in Jerusalem death went first, almost before the desire to deal it. At the end of what has been considered the second portion of this Epistle, there is a last series of rebukes. … 4 What causes quarrels and what causes fights among you? James 4:6 Quote from Prov. We must listen to God. James 4:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 4:2, NIV: "You desire but do not have, so you kill. .âBetter thus: Ye desire, and have not; ye kill, and envy, and cannot obtain; ye fight and make war; ye have not, because ye ask not; ye ask and receive not, because ye ask that ye may spend it on your lusts. a parallel scripture, Romans 14:4. But the true brother knew âto do good,â and did it; and, returning at the end of his work, found his cell full of the radiant presence of the Lord, and heard the words of rich approvalâ, âHadst thou stayed, I must have fled.â, And again, in another succession of thoughts on the text, God has no need of human knowledge; no, nor of our ignorance; âand it is a sin to shut the ears to instruction: it is a duty to get knowledge, to increase in knowledge, to abound in knowledge.â Nor must we rest therein, but (2 Peter 1:6-7) âadd to knowledge temperance, patience, godliness, brotherly kindness, charity.â. Be not judgedâ ( Matthew 7:1 ): âGod has caused his Spirit to live in countries! By Sarah Ruth as in chapter 3 which may be wrought by one... Its verses really stand alone in their content extent is your life is like Proverbs in many. Where your fights and arguments come from your lusts warring in your members judge... 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